Gangguan suasana hati terkait menstruasi Gambaran problem psikologis dan intervensinya


  • Annastasia Ediati Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Diponegoro



Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), premenstrual syndrome (PMS), psychosocial impact, review


Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is a severe mood disorder characterized by emotional and physical symptoms that significantly impair a women's quality of life during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the existing literature on PMDD, drawn from leading databases including PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and ScienceDirect. This paper describes what PMDD is, diagnostic criteria for PMDD according to DSM-5 and ICD-11, PMDD assessment instruments, the psychological impact of PMDD and its treatment. Pharmacological interventions, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are emerging as the main treatment options, but non-pharmacological approaches such as cognitive-behavioral therapy are also promising. From previous studies it can be concluded that PMDD has a multidimensional impact on women who experience PMDD. Further research is needed, especially regarding psychosocial impacts, development of PMDD assessment instruments, and psychosocial interventions to alleviate PMDD.


Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) adalah gangguan suasana hati yang parah yang ditandai dengan gejala emosional dan fisik yang secara signifikan mengganggu kualitas hidup wanita selama fase luteal dari siklus menstruasi. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran menyeluruh dari literatur dari database PubMed, Medline, Scopus, dan ScienceDirect. Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan mengenai apa itu PMDD, kriteria diagnostik menurut DSM-5 dan ICD-11, instrumen asesmen PMDD, dampak psikologis PMDD dan penanganannya. Intervensi farmakologis, khususnya inhibitor reuptake serotonin selektif (SSRI), muncul sebagai pilihan pengobatan utama, tetapi pendekatan non-farmakologis seperti terapi perilaku-kognitif juga efektif. Dari hasil analisis terhadap penelitian sebelumnya dapat disimpulkan bahwa PMDD berdampak multidimensi pada perempuan yang mengalami PMDD. Diperlukan penelitian lebih lanjut, khususnya mengenai dampak psikososial, pengembangan instrumen asesmen PMDD, dan intervensi psikososial untuk meringankan PMDD.


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Psychological Assessment and Intervention